Nitrogen oxide, sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, ammonia, hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, metallic pollutants and dust particles are some of the highly toxic pollutants that have an adverse impact on health
In this context, the health impact on the exposure of nitrogen dioxide is particularly relevant as exposure to this pollutant can be lethal
Nitrogen Dioxide has is identified as a primary source of particulate matter.
In light of the impact on the exposure to particulate matter WDB offer an overview of the current statistics of industrial air pollution and the solutions adopted by the UK government to ameliorate the same.
The UK and EU have introduced environmental legislation. This legislation has been introduced with the aim of reducing the overall level of the industrial air pollution and till this date, it has been significantly successful. It has been observed that between 2010 and 2014, the emissions of the nitrogen oxides decreased by 17% alongside this the particulate emissions too have been reduced by around 19 to 24%.
The United Kingdom Air Quality Strategy
The Environment act of 1995 required a National Air Quality Strategy to be published. This strategy contained all the policies that were required for assessing the overall air quality. It aimed to provide following benefits;
- Provide the best and the most practicable protection to the overall human health by introducing heath-oriented objectives for the air pollutants.
- Contribute to the best protection of the natural habitat.
- Establish a proper framework for identifying the areas that should be focused on for the overall improvement of air quality.
- Establish actionable objectives against the major air pollutants depending on their individual medical impact.
Indicators of the National Air Quality
According to the UK reports on the indicators of national air quality, the quality of air is usually determined by the average number of days when the pollution of air is either high or moderate in both urban and rural sites. In addition to this, the regional mortality rate because of anthropogenic particulates in air is also taken into consideration. The amount of this particulate was around 5.5% in the year 2010, and since then, this year has been used as a baseline year for the determinants.
The Final Result
The latest National Statistics covers the statistics between the year 1970 to 2014 during which the condition has been significantly ameliorated.
A long time decrease in the rates of ammonia, nitrogen oxides and oxides from other volatile substances has been has been observed. We will particularly mention the decreased emissions of sulphur dioxide which has been observed to decrease by 20.3 percent when compared to 2013. This also marks as one of the lowest rates of emission over huge span of time.
Like sulphur dioxide, the emissions of nitrogen dioxide too reduced by 8.4 percent in the year 2014, when compared to 2013. This too is one of the lowest level during the overall time period. In addition to this, the rate of emissions from particulate matter and non-methane volatile compounds too has been observed to reduce between 2 to 11 percent between the years 2013 and 2014. This rate of this decline, however, was most pronounced during the early nineties. It has relatively slowed down during the recent years.
Owing to these reports, the United Kingdom continues to meet the determined ceiling for emissions as set by the EU. The rates of emissions from oxides of nitrogen sulphur and ammonia and are in complete control. The UNECE convention recently rolled out the Gothenburg Protocol, which, however might impact these statistics. This is primarily because the convention introduces a new set of ceilings that are to be applied from the year 2020.
Although the overall situation paints an improving picture, there is substantially more work to be done. Wilkinson Dynamic Balancing can offer both consultative and practical advice and solutions to the issues that air pollution legislation poses to many industries. We would be happy to hear from you to discuss your situation and requirements.